Tom Baker, at the height of his Doctordom, used to advocate for a Doctor Who which he starred in solo, with no need for a companion. He saw, I think it’s fair to say, the potential for him to hold an audience’s attention solo. Probably through the force of his own personality, but it’s not an unreasonable proposition – as The Deadly Assassin proved – that the Doctor as a dominant central character can hold a story’s narrative together on his own.
And since then, we’ve seen Doctors Tennant and Smith in companion-lite stories, and the model has worked just fine. But always these have remained ensemble pieces, with our solitary Doctor interacting with a guest cast . It’s not until Heaven Sent we get a story which is not just companion-lite, but everything-but-the-Doctor-lite. It’s the sort of episode Tom Baker must have dreamt of, back in day.
Heaven Sent is many things, not least of which an extraordinary vote of confidence in Peter Capaldi. Never before has one actor been entrusted with keeping a Doctor Who audience captivated all by himself. But it’s also a case of showrunner Steven Moffat continuing to experiment with the show’s form. He’s also, I suspect, keeping himself interested, even challenging himself with episodes like this one and Listen which in essence ask the same question that The Deadly Assassin did… Which is, can we pull this radical idea off?
So Heaven Sent is about those two men, as much as it’s about the Doctor deducing his way out of his own bespoke torture chamber. Let’s start with…
Of all the actors to play the Doctor, Capaldi comes to it with the most distinguished resume. Only Eccleston I think could challenge him for pre-Who actorly kudos. Capaldi’s experience is written all over that well lined face of his and he brings all of that to bear on his performance of the Doctor.
He can be the subtlest of Doctors; I remember watching Deep Breath for the first time and being impressed with what he could do with the slightest gesture or the smallest flick of an eye. If his performance has been painted with ever broader brushstrokes since then, we might put this down to the need to develop a bigger performance to match Doctor Who’s pace; eyes become wider, laughs more extravagant, snarls more ferocious.
Capaldi is also an actor who moves with precision. In Heaven Sent, look at the considered way he picks up a spade or lets sand run though his fingers. Compare this to the brio of David Tennant, sailing into a scene, coat billowing. Or the teeter totter movement Matt Smith made his signature move. Capaldi’s careful choice of gesture and gait is an important character note; his is a Doctor who considers, who internalises and who wastes no energy on wild flailing about.
His voice is also distinctive, and crucial to the foreboding atmosphere of Heaven Sent, much of which is told in voice over. The decision to keep his Scots accent (don’t send him to that Chameleon spaceship!) is an interesting one, and one which, along with his initially close cropped hair, tied him closely to his other famous TV role, Malcolm Tucker. Luckily though, it’s a terrific voice, loaded with gravitas and it adds to the doom laden feeling of this episode.
These days, the ghost of Malcolm Tucker has faded almost entirely. Capaldi’s new, more Doctorly, costume has helped that. At the beginning of his second season, he was wearing check trousers like Troughton, and how he has a burgundy frock coat ala Tom Baker. All this, plus his hair has now grown into a Pertwee-esque bouffant. He now not only looks like a classic Doctor, he’s deliberately imitating them, right down to his (thankfully unseen) question mark underwear.
All this gushing is just to point out that Capaldi’s Doctor has developed into someone really interesting. Still spikily bad tempered, but with a growing sense of wry humour. A Doctor who looks and sounds the part. Played by an actor with care and precision. It’s why there was no doubt he could hold our attention solo for 45 minutes, because he’s utterly compelling.
To make a Doctor solo episode work, Moffat pulls a range of narrative tricks. The problem he faces is that the Doctor has to have some dialogue to explain what’s going on, but he has no one to speak to. As noted, there’s the voice over, turning the Doctor into a commentator on his own story and giving the impression that the viewer’s allowed access to his innermost thoughts.
Moffat also gives the Doctor two people to talk to while he’s alone. The first is his unseen imprisoner, at whom he rails and shouts threats. But soon his attention switches to the monstrous Veil (Jamie Reid Quarrel), a creature plucked from his own childhood fears. Either way, the Doctor now has someone to speculate about the plot in front of. This exposition doesn’t lack an audience; in effect the viewer takes the place of the absent companion.
Then there’s the ‘storm room’, a mental stronghold which sounds suspiciously like Sherlock’s mind palace, and which enables the Doctor to talk to an hallucination of Clara. The storm room is where he retreats to at moments of mortal peril, which is very handy. It gets Moffat out of the need for a companion to ask, ‘how did you get out of that one?’ So between these three tricks – talking to himself (through voiceover), talking to the monster and talking in a dream sequence, Moffat deftly manouevers around the lack of supporting characters.
Heaven Sent is more than just Moffat pulling off some impressive narrative tricks, though. It’s also about finding new things to do with this show, in his sixth year of running it. He wants to keep the show fresh, of course, but I think it’s also about his own need to remain challenged and engaged by the show. There’s a sense, in the later years of his reign, of Moffat needing to stretch the show’s format further and further in order to keep himself amused. Luckily, I think the show’s the stronger for it.
There’s still some familiar Moffat tropes: hard drives that save people, an entire ‘bespoke’ situation designed around the Doctor, a twist in the final reel (and what a twist. When that remarkable closing sequence showing multiple subsequent repetitions of the Doctor’s quest from beginning to end, and the penny dropped as to what the long term effect was, I must confess to giving the Moff a quiet round of applause for the sheer cleverness of it).
Still, this feels startlingly new, while still managing to recall that Deadly Assassin by placing a solo Doctor in a trippy, dream world trap of Time Lord making. Plus there’s the added layer of meaning now that we know that Moffat was attempting to leave Doctor Who at the end of this season, that the Doctor himself stands as an avatar for the writer, trapped in a puzzle box of a TV series desperately trying to escape.
That’s what Heaven Sent says to me. One man liberated from the series’ standard format, seizing the opportunity to show how extraordinary he and his Doctor can be. And another man fighting against that format, to keep himself motivated and his writing vital, all the time with one eye on the exit, even if he has to bash his way through a wall of stone to get to it, one punch at a time.
LINK TO The Faceless Ones: duplication processes.
NEXT TIME: Which one was your favourite? The Giant Robot? Or was it Planet of the Dead?
Thanks for this review.
I’m glad that someone else can see what the Moff is frequently (obviously) trying to do (stretch the format, even if for no other reason than to demonstrate that it actually still can be stretched) rather than the immature whining that “it’s too complicated”, and “I can’t understand it” that many of the Moff’s critics usually sound off with.
Heaven Sent was extraordinary and up there with the top 10 best ever episodes. Off the bat, without re-consideration. From a guy who did Blink, Forest of the Dead and the Empty Child. Moffat is an extraordinary writer whose work is very deep.
In 20 years we’ll be still talking about how good Heaven Sent was….
Thanks for commenting Maurice!
For me, it’s interesting that Moffat’s best work is when he’s working solo and attempting to stretch himself. I’ve never met the man, but from what I’ve read, he seems super smart and easily bored. They would seem to be the triggers for his ongoing search to stretch the show beyond its natural boundaries. I’m hoping for more of these writerly acts of inspiration/desperation in his final year in the hot seat.
Reasons I don’t like Heaven Sent-
Firstly It’s twist is *really* obvious: are we really supposed to surprised that it’s a former version of the Doctor who has left out dry clothes for him to find?
It’s relentlessly miserable which in itself is not a problem except for the fact its misery is not justified: a lot has been made of the awful torture the Doctor has to undergo by reliving the same experience repeatedly for over a billion years but to the Doctor who emerges from the Confession Dial at the episodes end all that has occurred is he’s arrived at the castle, investigated it for a few days while avoiding the Veil then found the wall and shattered it with one punch. End of. Which makes the whole episode a bit pointless and emotionally manipulative.
But my biggest difficulty with Heaven Sent is how the story’s internal logic falls apart under the slightest scrutiny: okay the castle ‘resets’ itself periodically (a ripoff of The God Complex) but surely the Veil is not resetting itself every time this happens so wouldn’t the Doctor have to come up with different confessions EVERY TIME he’s “reborn”?
But an even more aggravating plot hole is the Doctors behaviour which is frankly nonsensical. The previous version of the Doctor leaves clues for his future self to find and work out the situation he’s in but instead of writing a full, detailed description of what’s happening and what he must do to escape he instead simply writes “I’m in 12” then to seemingly make it even more difficult for himself he BURIES THE CLUE! It really makes absolutely no sense!
It’s a beautifully directed episode and, sure, Capaldi is terrific but for me it’s not enough to forgive Heaven Sent it’s other blatant flaws
Hi Crag and thanks for commenting. A few bits and pieces in response.
1. The twist wasn’t obvious to me. But then, I’m rubbish at spotting them. See my post on Dark Water/Death in Heaven for more evidence of this.
2. I think the Veil does reset itself after each cycle; I’ve never thought that it didn’t. If it doesn’t, as you say, the whole premise makes no sense.
3. I know what you mean about those cryptic clues from the future. They drive me a bit batty too. The most flagrant of all was Bad Wolf. I mean, if you’re going to turn into a all powerful super being, you could at least go to the trouble of writing yourself a more detailed note! But yes, burying the clue is next level inconvenient.
I think the broader point you make is that the internal logic of a story has to be sound and if it’s not, the whole thing falls apart. I would certainly agree with this. My bugbear of a story in this regard is The Angels Take Manhattan, in which the convoluted attempts to maroon the Ponds in 1938 is so full of logical holes to taint the whole thing, at least for me. I wonder if, in Heaven Sent’s case, the onus on the internal logic is even stronger than usual, given that it has such a sharp focus on the Doctor and his predicament, and no other distractions to draw our attention away.
I’m by no means the sort of person who enjoys “outsmarting” films or Tv by spotting plot holes btw! In fact I really wish I enjoyed this episode more.. but imagine how boring life would be if we all liked the same things!
Keep up the good work!
Just had another thought about this- if everything in the castle periodically resets itself why doesn’t the wall of Azbantium? Or have I missed something? Merry Christmas!
Just realised I haven’t replied to your comment – my bad! But actually, I have no idea about this question! I’m going to put it out to Twitter and see what happens.
Hi was anyone on Twitter able to offer an explanation? Was i just being stupid?? Cheers
Crag, apologies, I forgot to reply! The consensus on Twitter was the outer wall of the confession dial and thus not part of the “renewing” part. Or sommat.
Are you on Twitter? There’s a big Doctor Who community on there.